Publications by Year: 2008

Mavropoulos P. Spin injection from Fe into Si(001): Ab initio calculations and role of the Si complex band structure. PHYSICAL REVIEW B. 2008;78:054446.Abstract
We study the possibility of spin injection from Fe into Si(001), using the Schottky barrier at the Fe/Si contact as tunneling barrier. Our calculations are based on density-functional theory for the description of the electronic structure and on a Landauer-Buttiker approach for the current. The current-carrying states correspond to the six conduction-band minima (pockets) of Si, which, when projected on the (001) surface Brillouin zone (SBZ), form five conductance hot spots: one at the SBZ center and four symmetric satellites. The satellites yield a current polarization of about 50%, while the SBZ center can, under very low gate voltage, yield up to almost 100%, showing a zero-gate anomaly. This extremely high polarization is traced back to the symmetry mismatch of the minority-spin Fe wave functions to the conduction-band wave functions of Si at the SBZ center. The tunneling current is determined by the complex band structure of Si in the {[}001] direction, which shows qualitative differences compared to that of direct-gap semiconductors. Depending on the Fermi level position and Schottky barrier thickness, the complex band structure can cause the contribution of the satellites to be orders of magnitude higher or lower than the central contribution. Thus, by appropriate tuning of the interface properties, there is a possibility to cut off the satellite contribution and to reach high injection efficiency. Also, we find that a moderate strain of 0.5% along the {[}001] direction is sufficient to lift the degeneracy of the pockets so that only states at the zone center can carry current.
Lounis S, Reif M, Mavropoulos P, Glaser L, Dederichs PH, Martins M, Blügel S, Wurth W. Non-collinear magnetism of Cr nanostructures on Fe-3ML/Cu(001): First principles and experimental investigations. EPL. 2008;81:47004.Abstract
A combined experimental, using the X-ray magnetic circular dichroism, and theoretical investigation, using the full-potential Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker (KKR) Green function method, is carried out to study the spin structure of small magnetic Cr adatom clusters on the surface of 3 monolayers of fcc Fe deposited on Cu(001). The exchange interaction between the different Cr adatoms as well as between the Cr atoms and the Fe atoms is of antiferromagnetic nature and of comparable magnitude, leading due to frustration to complex non-collinear magnetic configurations. The presence of non-collinear magnetic coupling obtained by ab initio calculations is confirmed by the experimental results. Copyright (C) EPLA, 2008.