Detailed pollen analyses were performed at the lower sapropelic deposits of the marine core SK-3 within the
framework of a multiproxy palaeoceanographic-palaeoenvironmental study. Pollen flora is characterized by
high arboreal pollen abundances, mainly deciduous Quercus, together with Pinus, Juniperus and other
deciduous taxa. A transition is marked from vegetation where Mediterranean elements appear more abundant
towards mixed deciduous woodland. In the upper part of the deposits an expansion of Abies, Pinus and Fagus
has been recorded. The overall vegetation pattern adds significant evidence about the terrestrial
palaeoenvironmental conditions during deposition of sapropel S5.