The role of wind in the configuration of the ambient air quality in Athens, Greece

Citation:

Larissi, I.K., Antoniou, A., Nastos, P.T. & Paliatsos, A.G. The role of wind in the configuration of the ambient air quality in Athens, Greece. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 19, 1989-1996 (2010). Copy at http://www.tinyurl.com/jrv9r6g

Abstract:

It is well-known that natural and anthropogenic emissions of ambient pollutants affect air quality, and as a consequence the public health. Air pollution indices are commonly used to indicate the level of severity of air pollution to the public. The objective of this study is the assessment of the air quality levels in the urban environment of Athens, Greece using the Air Quality Index (AQI), which presents advantages as an administrative tool for early warning in the context of public health protection. The AQI is a complex index and calculated by compounding appropriately the concentrations of surface ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO) and particles with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm (PM 10). For this purpose, available hourly data of the above ambient pollutants recorded by the Athens air pollution monitoring network, during the period 2001-2006, were analyzed for the development of the proposed index. The temporal and spatial distribution of the mean annual AQI values within greater Athens area (GAA) is examined, and the results are analyzed in terms of the meteorological conditions. The effect of wind speed and direction on AQI levels is found to be significant, among the other meteorological parameters such as air temperature, relative humidity, sunshine and total solar radiation. The analysis revealed that the higher values of AQI, during the warm period of the year, are strongly associated with sea breeze than with northern wind flow. The knowledge of the sea breeze characteristics over GAA contributes to the comprehension of the local air quality formation levels. Β© by PSP.

Notes:

Fresenius Environ. Bull.Cited By (since 1996):5Export Date: 13 October 2014CODEN: FENBECorrespondence Address: Paliatsos, A. G.; General Department of Mathematics, Technological Education Institute of Piraeus, 250 Thivon and P. Ralli Str, 122 44 Athens, Greece; email: agpal@in.teipir.grReferences: Nastos, P.T., Paliatsos, A.G., Panagiotakos, D.B., Antoniou, A., Chrysohoou, C., Pitsavos, C., Toutouzas, P.K., Association between primary air pollutants and cardiovascular mortality in Athens (2003) Proceedings of the 8 th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology, pp. 612-619. , Lemnos Island, Greece; Bartzokas, A., Kassomenos, P., Petrakis, M., Celessides, C., The effect of meteorological and pollution parameters on the frequency of hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory problems in Athens (2004) Indoor and Built Environment, 13 (4), pp. 271-275. , DOI 10.1177/1420326X04036923; Paliatsos, A.G., Priftis, K.N., Ziomas, I.C., Panagiotopoulou-Gartagani, P., Nikolaou-Panagiotou, A., Tapratzi-Potamianou, P., Zachariadi-Xypolita, A., Saxoni-Papageorgiou, P., Association between ambient air pollution and childhood asthma in Athens, Greece (2006) Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 15 (7), pp. 614-618; Dockery, D.W., Pope III, C.A., Xu, X., Spengler, J.D., Ware, J.H., Fay, M.E., Ferris Jr., B.G., Speizer, F.E., An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities (1993) New England Journal of Medicine, 329 (24), pp. 1753-1759. , DOI 10.1056/NEJM199312093292401; Fusco, D., Forastiere, F., Michelozzi, P., Spadea, T., Ostro, B., Arca, M., Perucci, C.A., Air pollution and hospital admissions for respiratory conditions in Rome, Italy (2001) European Respiratory Journal, 17 (6), pp. 1143-1150. , DOI 10.1183/09031936.01.00005501; Jalaludin, B.B., O'Toole, B.I., Leeder, S.R., Acute effects of urban ambient air pollution on respiratory symptoms, asthma medication use, and doctor visits for asthma in a cohort of Australian children (2004) Environmental Research, 95, pp. 32-42; Schwartz, J., Air pollution and children's health (2004) Pediatrics, 113, pp. 1037-1043; Ziomas, I.C., Suppan, P., Rappengluch, B., Balis, D., Tzoumaka, P., Melas, D., Papayannis, A., Zerefos, C.S., A contribution to the study of photochemical smog in the greater Athens area (1995) Contributions to Atmospheric Physics, 68, pp. 198-203; Kalabokas, P.D., Adamopoulos, A.D., Chronopoulos, G., Viras, L.G., Characteristic variations of PM 10 atmospheric concentrations in relation with other urban pollutants in Athens, Greece (2006) Fresenious Environmental Bulletin, 15 (8 B), pp. 846-852; Kalabokas, P.D., Repapis, C.C., Mantis, H., A field on the origins of surface ozone at the periphery of the urban area of Athens (2006) Fresenious Environmental Bulletin, 15 (8 B), pp. 878-882; Swamee, P.K., Tyagi, A., Formation of an air pollution index (1999) Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 49, pp. 88-91; Khanna, N., Measuring environmental quality: An index of pollution (2000) Ecological Economics, 35, pp. 191-202; Cogliani, E., Air pollution forecast in cities by an air pollution index highly correlated with meteorological variables (2001) Atmospheric Environment, 35, pp. 2871-2877; Nikolaou, K., Basbas, S., Taxiltaris, C., Assessment of air pollution indicators in an urban area using the DPSIR model (2004) Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 13 (9), pp. 820-830; Caggiano, R., Di Leo, S., D'Emilio, M., Proto, M., Ragosta, M., Statistical tools for data optimization in air quality monitoring networks (2007) Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 16 (4), pp. 364-371; (1999) Guideline for Reporting the Daily Air Quality-air Quality Index (AQI), , American Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) EPA-454/R-99-010. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, NC 2771; Paliatsos, A.G., Kaldellis, J.K., Koronakis, P.S., Garofalakis, J.E., Fifteen year air quality trends associated with the vehicle traffic in Athens, Greece (2002) Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 11, pp. 1119-1126; Kallos, G., Kassomenos, P., Pielke, R.A., Synoptic and mesoscale weather conditions during air pollution episodes in Athens, Greece (1993) Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 62, pp. 163-184; Prezerakos, N.G., Characteristics of the sea breeze in Attica, Greece (1986) Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 36, pp. 245-266; Nastos, P.T., Philandras, C.M., Paliatsos, A.G., Fourier analysis of the mean monthly NO, concentrations in the Athens basin (2002) Global Nest: The International Journal, 4 (2-3), pp. 145-152; Ott, W.R., Thorn, G.C., A critical review of air pollution index systems in the United States and Canada (1976) Journal of Air Pollution Control Association, 26, pp. 460-470; Thorn, G.C., Ott, W.R., A proposed uniform air pollution index (1976) Atmospheric Environment, 10, pp. 261-264; Paliatsos, A.G., Kaldellis, J.K., Nastos, P.T., Assessment of air quality spatial distribution in the Greater Athens Area (2002) Proceedings of the International Conference on Protection and Restoration of the Environment VI, pp. 1849-1854. , (eds. A.G. Kungolos, A.B. Liakopoulos, G.P. Korfiatis, A.D. Koutsospyros, K.L. Katsifarakis, A.C. Demetracopoulos), Skiathos Island, Greece; Triantafyllou, A.G., Paliatsos, A.G., Voutsinas, M., Zuburtikudis, I., Air quality assessment in an industrial area by using environmental indicators (2002) Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 11 (10 B), pp. 933-939; Franceschini, F., Galetto, M., Maisano, D., A short survey on air quality indicators: Properties, use, and (mis)use (2005) Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 16 (5), pp. 490-504; Murena, F., Measuring air quality over large urban areas: Development and application of an air pollution index at the urban area of Naples (2004) Atmospheric Environment, 38, pp. 6195-6202; Triantafyllou, A.G., Evagelopoulos, V., Zoras, S., Design of a web-based information system for ambient environmental data (2006) Journal of Environmental Management, 80 (3), pp. 230-236. , DOI 10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.08.028, PII S030147970500304X; Nastos, P.T., Paliatsos, A.G., Nika, K., Xirou, A., Spatial and temporal variability of the air quality in the wider area of Athens, Greece (2007) Proceedings of the 8 th PanHellenic Geographical Conference of the Greek Geographical Society, , Athens, Greece (in Greek); Nastos, P.T., Philandras, C.M., Repapis, C.C., Application of canonical analysis to air temperature and precipitation regimes over Greece (2002) Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 11 (8), pp. 488-493

Publisher's Version