Antiferromagnetic behavior in single-wall carbon nanotubes


Likodimos V, Glenis S, Guskos N, Lin CL. Antiferromagnetic behavior in single-wall carbon nanotubes. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics [Internet]. 2007;76.


The electronic properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) have been studied using dc magnetization and electron spin resonance (ESR). The dc magnetization displays a weak diamagnetic susceptibility of ≈ 10-7 emu/g. ESR measurements reveal a narrow resonance line of low intensity and metallic line shape. The spin susceptibility shows a major Pauli contribution at high temperatures (T>150 K) and an appreciable Curie component at lower temperatures. A marked drop of the spin susceptibility is observed at T<14 K, pointing to the opening of a spin gap at low temperatures. The underlying mechanism is discussed in terms of an electronic instability of the SWNTs or the occurrence of defect-mediated spin magnetism. © 2007 The American Physical Society.


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