Publications by Year: 2004

Mavropoulos P, Papanikolaou N, Dederichs PH. Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker Green-function formalism for ballistic transport. PHYSICAL REVIEW B. 2004;69:125104.Abstract
We develop a method for the calculation of ballistic transport from first principles. The multiple scattering screened Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker (KKR) method is combined with a Green-function formulation of the Landauer approach for the ballistic transport. We obtain an efficient O(N) algorithm for the calculation of ballistic conductance through a scattering region connected to semi-infinite crystalline leads. In particular we generalize the results of Baranger and Stone in the case of Bloch wave boundary conditions and, we discuss relevant properties of the S matrix. We consider the implications on the application of the formalism in conjunction with a cellular multiple scattering description of the electronic structure; and demonstrate the convergence properties concerning the angular momentum expansions.
Mavropoulos P, Sato K, Zeller R, Dederichs PH, Popescu V, Ebert H. Effect of the spin-orbit interaction on the band gap of half metals. PHYSICAL REVIEW B. 2004;69:054424.Abstract
The spin-orbit interaction can cause a nonvanishing density of states (DOS) within the minority-spin band gap of half metals around the Fermi level. We examine the magnitude of the effect in Heusler alloys, zinc-blende half metals, and diluted magnetic semiconductors, using first-principles calculations. We find that the ratio of spin-down to spin-up DOS at the Fermi level can range from below 1% (e.g., 0.5% for NiMnSb) over several percents {[}4.2% for (Ga,Mn)As] to 13% for MnBi. This gives a spin polarization P at E-F ranging from above 99% for NiMnSb to Papproximate to92% for (Ga,Mn)As and to Papproximate to77% for MnBi.
Mavropoulos P, Galanakis I, Popescu V, Dederichs PH. The influence of spin-orbit coupling on the band gap of Heusler alloys. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER. 2004;16:S5759-S5762.Abstract
The band gap of half-metallic ferromagnets can be affected by the spin-orbit coupling, which introduces there a small, but non-vanishing, density of states. We study this effect in the case of Heusler alloys. We find that, as a rule, the spin polarization in the middle of the gap decreases for compounds of heavier elements.
Wunnicke O, Mavropoulos P, Zeller R, Dederichs PH. Ballistic spin injection from Fe into ZnSe(001), (111), and (110), and into GaAs(001). JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER. 2004;16:4643-4659.Abstract
We present first-principles calculations of ballistic spin injection in Fe/GaAs and Fe/ZnSe junctions with orientations (00 1), (111), and (I 10). We find that the symmetry mismatch of the Fe minority spin states with the semiconductor conduction states can lead to extremely high spin polarization of the current through the (001) interface for hot and thermal injection processes. Such a symmetry mismatch does not exist for the (I 11) and (I 10) interfaces, where smaller spin injection efficiencies are found. The presence of interface states at the Fermi energy is found to lower the current spin polarization.
Mavropoulos P, Galanakis I, Dederichs PH. Multilayers of zinc-blende half-metals with semiconductors. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER. 2004;16:4261-4272.Abstract
We report on first-principles calculations for multilayers of zinc-blende half-metallic ferromagnets CrAs and CrSb with III-V and II-VI semiconductors, in the {[}001] orientation. We examine the ideal and tetragonalized structures, as well as the case of an intermixed interface. We find that, as a rule, half-metallicity can be conserved throughout the heterostructures, provided that the character of the local coordination and bonding is not disturbed. We describe a mechanism operative at the interfaces with semiconductors that can also give a non-integer spin moment per interface transition atom, and derive a simple rule for evaluating it.