{Independent generation of C5 '-nucleosidyl radicals in thymidine and 2 '-deoxyguanosine}


Manetto A, Georganakis D, Leondiadis L, Gimisis T, Mayer P, Carell T, Chatgilialoglu C. {Independent generation of C5 '-nucleosidyl radicals in thymidine and 2 '-deoxyguanosine}. J. Org. Chem. 2007;72:3659–3666.


The synthesis of the C5' tert-butyl ketone of thymidine 1a and 2'-deoxyguanosine 2 is achieved by reaction of 5'-C-cyano derivatives with tert-butyl lithium followed by acid hydrolysis. The 5'R configuration is assigned by X-ray crystal structure determination of an opportunely protected derivative of 1a. The (5'S)-isomers of both nucleosides are not stable, and a complete decomposition occurs in the reaction medium. The photochemistry of 1a and 2 effectively produced the thymidin-5'-yl radical and the 2'-deoxyguanosin-5'-yl radical, respectively. In the thymidine system, the C5' radical is fully quenched in the presence of a physiological concentration of thiols. In the 2'-deoxyguanosine system, the C5' radical undergoes intramolecular attack onto the C8-N7 double bond of guanine leading ultimately to the 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyguanosine derivative. The cyclization of the 2'-deoxyguanosin-5'-yl radical occurs with a rate constant of ca. 1 x 10(6) s(-1) and is highly stereoselective affording only the (5'S)-diastereomer.