Abstract Spectroscopic methods such as absorption spectroscopy in ultraviolet (UV), visible (Vis), near-infrared (NIR), or mid-infrared (MIR) or their combinations have been used for nondestructive, fast, real-time, off/online monitoring of olive oil quality parameters, and for detection and determination of olive oil adulterants as well as geographic origin. These methods have also been used in the industrial sector to analyze the quality of olive fruit with respect to oil content, moisture, color, and fatty acid content. This chapter considers several applications of UV-Vis-NIR or/and MIR spectroscopy in off/on-line monitoring of olive oil functional compounds and oxidation status in combination with appropriately used spectral preprocessing and data analysis (chemometrics). The UV-Vis-NIR and MIR spectroscopic methods have the advantages of minimal or no sample preparation and the ability of a very simple and rapid simultaneous analysis of several constituents. They constitute one of the most promising and useful on/in-line detection methods for olive oil quality control.
Glycogen phosphorylase (GP) plays a key role in glucose regulation. The design and synthesis of a new potent inhibitor of GP is described. By exploiting its optical properties, it is shown that, due to an extended hydrogen bonding network, the local pH in the GP catalytic site is higher than 12. For the full story, see the Communication by A. Venturini, E. D. Chrysina, D. Markovitsi, T. Gimisis et al. on page 8800 ff.